How to Clean Aquarium?
Many of the people interested to keep fish and aquarium plants at home. But we need to keep the aquarium clean to make our aquarium look beautiful. Imagine an aquarium with crusty, algae coated tanks, and even we cannot see anything swimming inside sometimes.
To clean the aquarium we need to follow a few steps.
- First, we need to check the water quality, the nitrate level in the water must be below 40 ppm. By using a water test kit, test the water, and also determine how much water should be removed for further process.
- Scrub the tank with algae scraper inside the tank and tank walls. Use blade attached scrub to remove tough algae spots. Make sure that not to catch the substrate underneath the algae scraper, it causes scratching the acrylic or glass.
- Do not use soap because it harms the fish in it. If the algae are for rocks, plants and aquarium décor use a toothbrush to clean aquarium plants gently.
- If there are live aquarium plants in the tank, remove the dead leaves of the plants and trim the plants which are overgrown foliage. The plants grow tall, cut the tall stems few inches, and replant them at the substrate.
- The floating plants cover the whole water surface, remove 30% to 50%, so that below plants under it will get enough light fish also gets fresh oxygen.
- Remove the water from the water tank of the aquarium and turn off all the equipment. Most of the heaters and filters in the tank run along with water. They will be damaged running without water.
- Vacuum the aquarium with siphon approximately one-third of the substrate. The siphon used for the dual purpose of removing the fish waste, uneaten food, dead leaves from the gravel, and also removing old water and excess nitrate in the tank.
- Clean the aquarium filter at least once a month. Filters are like trash cans that collect wastes, so we have to regularly clean and remove the gunk to keep away the filter from clog or overflows.
- After cleaning the aquarium fill the tank with freshwater that matches the temperature of aquarium water. Turn on the equipment in the tank and also wipe the glass with aquarium-safe glass cleaner to remove water spots and smudges.
How to Clean Aquarium Plants?
- Aquarium plants will make the fish tank interesting for the fishes to play, swim and hide. To keep the tank healthy regularly clean algae and debris from the aquarium. If the aquarium plants develop fungi or diseases, remove them from the tank and kill the harmful algae by using a variety of solutions.
- Cleaning aquarium live plants is not as simple as cleaning plastic or silk plants. The live plants may get damaged or killed if we do not take care while cleaning. The cleaning process of live plants is the same as artificial plants.
- The debris of the plant must be brushed or rubbed gently in the aquarium. If the algae are overgrown, the plant must be taken out of the tank and scrubbed by hand gently.
- Mostly the algae removed by gently rubbing or scrubbed with hands but sometimes it doesn’t clean aquarium plants with bleaching. A plant with extreme algae will probably die, so use a simple and short bleach can clean aquarium plants.
- We must use a 10% bleach solution to clean aquarium plants and never soak the live plants in bleach for more than five minutes. Remove the plants from bleaching water and rub them slightly to dislodge the algae.
- After that soak the plants in fresh and clean water for another ten minutes and rinse them thoroughly before putting him back into the tank.
- Sometimes plants may be lost through this method, if that happens we need to know that those plants are already overgrown with algae.
- The best way to grow these plants is to address algae growth when spotted and rub it gently even without removing it from the tank.
How to Grow Aquarium Live Plants?
Aquarium plants will benefit for fishes. Live plants will remove nitrates, improve the quality of water, and reduce the algae growth. These plants will increase the oxygen levels in the tank. Fish will play, hide, and have fun in the tank. Before getting aquarium plants we must know how to grow these plants.
Choose the Right Plants
Firstly, we have to choose aquarium plants which are common and easy to grow. Look for plants with labels as Echinoderms, Lilaeopsis, Anarchies, or Anubis. Good options for tall plants are Amazon Sword, and Java Fern, they grow quickly and cover the wiring and filter system which are visible from the tank. Java Fern leaves are long and protect the fish.
Anubias Nana and Dwarf Sagittaria are best for medium-sized plants. These plants have long curved stems with rounded leaves. To decorate the bottom and front of the tank plant mosses. These are also easy to grow, freshwater mosses are Java Moss, Willow Moss, and Water Wisteria. These plants grow long and we can keep them in front of the tank without hiding other plants.
By using different kinds and sizes of plants we can create visual interest. For the finished look of the aquarium tank buy the plants which are grown. By arranging the plants and adding rocks, driftwood, and figurines the look of the aquarium will be interesting.
To set up the aquarium we have to buy and place the lightings to support the growth of the plants. Aquarium plants also require light to grow like the other plants to stay alive. Plants undergo photosynthesis with the help of light for energy and nutrients. If you want to add new plants, first we need to quarantine the new plants. New plants may have harbor pests like snails, shrimps which will threaten the health of the aquarium.
Cover the bottom of the tank with a plant-friendly substrate and cover with gravel on it. The substrate must be rich in nutrients. Present the plants on the substrate according to the requirement of nutrients to different plants. Some plants to be tied to rocks or wood so that they can root. After arranging the aquarium plants make them stabilize for a week and add fish after that.
Taking Care of Plants
- Trim the plants which overgrow so that they do not decompose. If the plant is grown outside the tank that part of the plant will die.
- Carefully cut off the overgrown plants. Clean the water tank weekly once to maintain tidiness and health.
- We have to add fertilizer to make the plants grow fast and healthy. For freshwater aquarium fertilizer are not necessary, the fish in the aquarium will be a fertilizer with its waste.
How to Plant Aquarium Live Plants?
To give the aquatic plants an ideal start, we need to do the planting. There are different techniques for plantation depending on the type of plant. Below are some of the types of plants and their plantation.
Popular rhizome plants are Java Fern, Anubias, and Bolbitis. The rhizome is a thick horizontal stem or trunk. Rhizome plants do not require any substrate to grow. Wedge them between cracks of rocks or mount them to driftwood. These plants will absorb nutrients from the water so feed them with all-in-one fertilizer when needed.
Sword plants classified ad rosette plants for which all the leaves grow out of a base in a circular pattern. Some of these plants are Amazon Sword, Red Flame Sword. These plants grow very tall, plant them in the background or mid-ground of the tank. So that they do not block other plants. Push the roots of the plant into the substrate and do not cover the. These plants are with heavy root feeders of nutrients.
Cryptocoryne also named crypts which are other kind rosette plants. These plants require substrate and root tabs to grow well. Some of the plants are Cryptocoryne wendtii, Cryptocoryne spiralis, Cryptocoryne Parva, etc. Like sword plants the roots of them buried by keeping the crown above the ground.
Plants under the grass-like are Vallisneria, dwarf Sagittaria, micro sword, etc. This type of plant grows through stolons and runners. Plant the roots into the substrate and do not cover the base of the plant leaves. The one-pot plant comes with several individual plants, plant them separately.
Mosses are the same as rhizomes plants, they also do not require the substrate to grow. These plants attached to the hardscape through glue or thread. These are great for colony breeding where baby fish can hide from their adults. Java Moss, Christmas Moss, and Peacock moss are some of the Plants.
Stem plants grow vertically from a single stem with leaves coming out directly from the stem. Some of these plants are bacopa, Pogostemon stellatus, and pearl weed. Before planting the tree remove the basket, ring, or rubber wrapped around the base of the stem. Do not plant the stems all in a bunch but must plant individually by using tweezers. Wrap the plant weights at the bottom to stop floating.
What is the best light for aquarium plants?
We can use any type or brand of light to grow plants as long as you have enough light intensity. The highly recommend is getting an LED light rather than fluorescent, compact fluorescent (CF), or other light technology.
Which best explains the evolution of gymnosperm plants?
The gymnosperm plants evolved after the seedless vascular plants along with monocots and dicots and also said that sometime in the Upper Paleozoic Era during or before the transition from the mid or late Devonian Period to the early Carboniferous Period.